Discharger

circa 1850 - 1874

The concept of ‘electric field’ was introduced in the 19th century by the English researcher Michael Faraday (1791-1867). This demonstration apparatus shows that the form of the electric field determines the path of the spark discharge. Three adjustable brass components are mounted on a vertical glass tube: a ball, a ring and a segment of a sphere. Each of these components can be connected to a high alternating voltage. If, for example, the ball and the segment of a sphere are arranged in such a way that their centres coincide, then the electric field is the same in all directions: the sparks leap everywhere. If the segment is at a larger distance, the field is strongest at the edge: the sparks leap only there. If the segment is at a very small distance, the spark arc is formed in the centre.

Administration name

Fysisch Kabinet

Title

Discharger

Translated title

Discharger

Dating

[{'start': '1850', 'end_precision': 'circa', 'end': '1874', 'start_precision': 'circa'}]

Material

[{'material': 'Mahogany'}, {'material': 'brass'}, {'material': 'Glass'}]

Measurements

[{'notes': u'', 'part': 'geheel', 'type': 'hoogte', 'value': '425', 'unit': 'mm'}, {'notes': u'', 'part': 'voet', 'type': 'diameter', 'value': '90', 'unit': 'mm'}]

Object number

FK 0501

Reproduction reference

[{'reference': '..\\images\\Fysisch\\Gekoppelde afbeeldingen\\FK 0501.jpg'}]